Schizophrenia is a mental health problem which results in a wide array of psychological problems. It is known as a type of psychosis. There is no exact cause of schizophrenia but research suggests that brain chemistry, genetics, birth complications and social factors such as an urban upbringing, migration and adversity play a large role in its formation.

Symptoms include:

  • Hallucinations
  • Beliefs that are not based on reality, or delusions.
  • Changes in behaviour
  • Lack of motivation
  • Becoming withdrawn
  • Hearing voices

It usually starts in early adulthood, and a common misconception is that it results in multiple personalities.

There are different types of schizophrenia:

  1. Paranoid schizophrenia
  2. Hebephrenic Schizophrenia
  3. Catatonic Schizophrenia
  4. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
  5. Residual Schizophrenia
  6. Simple Schizophrenia
  7. Cenesthopathic Schizophrenia

Treatment includes:

In most cases, medication such as antipsychotics are used as well as cognitive behaviour therapy is used.



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