Hyperglycaemia and Hypoglycaemia

Hyperglycaemia is the term  given to high blood sugar, which usually develops over a period of hour or days. Hyperglycaemia can result in a diabetic coma, also known as ketoacidosis.

Recognition:

  • Warm/dry skin
  • Rapid pulse
  • Excessive thirst
  • Drowsiness
  • Frequent urination

Exercising frequently aids the effects of hyperglycaemia.

Hypoglycaemia occurs when blood sugar levels fall below normal. It usually develops if the insulin-sugar balance in the body is incorrect, and is common among those who have recently be diagnosed with diabetes. It can develop following an epileptic seizure.

Recognition:

  • History of diabetes
  • Faitness/hunger
  • Confusion
  • Sweating – cool/clammy skin
  • Palpitations/ muscle tremors

Treatment revolves around attempting to increase glucose levels, usually by drinking fruit juice, fizzy drinks or sweets to raise blood glucose quickly and safely.

References:

http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/hyperglycemia.html?referrer=https://www.google.co.uk/

http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/hypoglycemia-low-blood.html

 

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