Hyperglycaemia is the term given to high blood sugar, which usually develops over a period of hour or days. Hyperglycaemia can result in a diabetic coma, also known as ketoacidosis.
- Warm/dry skin
- Rapid pulse
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
Exercising frequently aids the effects of hyperglycaemia.
Hypoglycaemia occurs when blood sugar levels fall below normal. It usually develops if the insulin-sugar balance in the body is incorrect, and is common among those who have recently be diagnosed with diabetes. It can develop following an epileptic seizure.
- History of diabetes
- Sweating – cool/clammy skin
- Palpitations/ muscle tremors
Treatment revolves around attempting to increase glucose levels, usually by drinking fruit juice, fizzy drinks or sweets to raise blood glucose quickly and safely.