Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery

Plastic surgery had two branches: cosmetic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery.

The first, cosmetic surgery is used primarily to improve physical appearance for aesthetic purposes. In this case, many people may pay to alter their appearance, for a number of reasons, however this type is solely dependent on personal choice.

Cosmetic surgery is not limited to the facial area but can include a tummy tuck (abdominoplasty), eye lid surgery (blepharoplasty), breast surgery (mammoplasty). Despite the common notion that plastic surgery  for cosmetic reasons improves mental health, studies suggest that it may do the opposite. In fact, many may suffer from depression or body dysmorphic disorder.

The second, reconstructive plastic surgery is usually done after an accident or disease. In this case there is more of a pressing need to undergo the surgery. It is generally done to improve function and ability, but can be used to improve appearance. The main aim is to restore function, however throughout surgery a surgeon may attempt to improve the area for aesthetic purposes.

Many people feel as though plastic and cosmetic surgery is a waste of money and the money used should be spent on essential surgery or given to charity. However, it is a fundamental human right for a person to choose what they want to do with their own bodies. In my opinion, if someone has the means and wishes to use cosmetic surgery for their personal satisfaction, they should be able to do so, without the attached stigma possessed by society.

 

References:

http://www.bapras.org.uk/public/patient-information/reconstructive-surgery

https://www.plasticsurgery.org/reconstructive-procedures

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155757.php

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